Signed to an ATO (amateur tryout) contract by Rochester (AHL), April 5, 2004. Signed to a PTO (professional tryout) contract by Cleveland (AHL), September 19, 2005. Signed as a free agent by San Jose, January 16, 2006. Signed as a free agent by NY Islanders, July 3, 2008. Signed as a free agent by Riga (KHL), July 10, 2009.